Definitions of Counseling Psychology

Counseling psychology is a wide-ranging specialty within specialized psychology concerned with using psychological principles to enhance and promote the positive growth, well-being, and psychological wellbeing of persons, relations, collections, and the wider community.

Rendering to Carl Rogers “Counseling is a sequence of straight associates with the individual which purposes to proposal his support in moving his attitude & performances”

According to the New Zealand Psychologists Board (2013) Counseling Psychologist” – Counseling Psychologists put on psychological facts and philosophy resulting from research to the part of client authorization and improvement, to contribution children, beginning persons, grown-ups and their relations with personal, social, instructive, and occupational functioning by using psychological evaluations and interferences, and pre-emptive approaches that recognize environmental, developmental besides phenomenological magnitudes.

Significant highlights in the history of Counseling and psychotherapy

  • Sigmund Freud: Psychoanalysis theory ; Id. Ego, Superego concept (1886)
  • Carl Rogers: Client-Centered Therapy approach in his book (1951)
  • Fritz Perls, Paul Goodman, and Ralph Hefferline: Gestalt therapy in the book Excitement and Growth in the Human Personality (1951)
  • Abraham Maslow: Humanistic psychology (1954)
  • Albert Ellis: Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy ( REBT) (1955)
  • Viktor Frankl: Logotherapy; published “ Man’s Search for Meaning” English edition. This is an existential approach to counseling. Logotherapy (1959)
  • Aaron Beck: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) (1967)

Key components of counseling

The basic stages of counseling are:

The basic stages of counseling
The basic stages of counseling

Nature and scope of counseling


  • Individual/one to one helping relationship
  • Face to face relationship
  • Key focus: Person’s development, alteration, problematic explaining, and judgment creating needs.
  • Professional work ( Counsellors required the highest level of training & professional skills)
  • Confidential & private process/ personal meeting.

Scope (Individual counseling)

  • Anxiety
  • Anger management
  • Depression
  • Stress management
  • Work place stress & relationships
  • Relationships: personal and interpersonal dynamics
  • Sexual abuse recovery

Goals of counseling

  • Achievement of positive mental health (Self-actualization, realizing)
  • Resolution of problems
  • Improving personal effectiveness
  • To aid the change process
  • Improving decision- making
  • Preventing the future occurrences of issues
  • Behaviour modification

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related Posts